Country ProfileIslamic Republic of Mauritania - Capital: Nouakchott
(4) Algeria 460 km, Mali 2236 km, Senegal 742 km, Western Sahara 1564 km
iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish, natural gas
Agricultural land : 38.5% (o.w. permanent pasture: 38.1%) (2011 est.), Forest:0.2% (2011 est.), Other: 61.3% (2011 est.)
Other Languages Spoken
Dialectal Arabic Hassanya, French, Pularr, Soninke and Wolof
Arabic and French
Islamic Republic state based on parliamentary democracy (Presidential system).
Mauritania is divided into constituencies of two different levels: the 15 wilaya (regions - Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Nouakchott Nord, Nouakchott Ouest, Nouakchott Sud, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza) divided in turn into smaller administrative and territorial units; and the 55 mouqatâa (departments).
Mixed legal system of Islamic and French civil law